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Overnight care for the elderly
- As we age, we are more likely to wake up at different intervals throughout the night due to natural changes to the body’s circadian rhythm (the body clock).
- Choosing overnight care can provide reassurance that your loved one is safe and secure at all hours.
- There are different options for overnight care, including full-time live-in care.
It’s not uncommon for older people to wake up more in the night than younger people. This can be due to a number of factors and is sometimes related to a condition such as dementia. Generally, however, it’s just down to a change in their circadian rhythm or ‘body clock’.
According to the Sleep Foundation, as people age the part of the brain that controls the body’s daily cycles, including the sleep cycle, can deteriorate. This can then directly disrupt the circadian rhythm causing sleeping problems.
Being awake at night can lead to other concerns in the elderly, especially if they’re living with a condition such as dementia where waking in the night can cause confusion – leading to wandering and further sleep disruption in the following days and nights.
Overnight care can help to ensure your loved one is cared for through the night if this is when they experience difficulty – helping to ensure they’re safe and secure while encouraging healthy sleeping patterns.
What is overnight care?
Overnight care is not to be confused with what we consider to be a ‘normal’ night’s rest. During the night hours, older people can often experience difficulty in resting. Broken sleep patterns aggravate degenerative conditions such as dementia and have a detrimental impact on the general well-being of those living with them.
These overnight disruptions can undermine a loved one’s confidence and sense of independence in living at home. They can feel anxious and disoriented as a result.
For those living with conditions such as dementia and Alzheimer’s these concerns are quite common. Sundowning is a term that refers to how those living with these conditions, mostly elderly in age, can end up disoriented and confused from around late afternoon through the evening and night. It’s sometimes worsened by the change of clocks in the spring and autumn.
Overnight care provides solid support throughout the night hours, helping your loved one to feel reassured and secure.
It can be provided by a number of people, including family members. Alternatively, there are various professional care options such as:
- Sleeping care
- Waking care
- A sitting service
- 24-hour care
How to care for an elderly relative overnight
Some of the top ways we recommend providing the elderly with support overnight are:
- Placing motion sensor lights in their bedroom and passageway
- Making sure their paths are clutter-free
- Checking that the house is securely locked
- Putting a drink and snack beside their bed
- Monitoring caffeine intake in the afternoon and evening
- Ensuring they’re receiving enough fresh air and exercise
- Making sure they’re not taking any disorientating sleeping pills
- Providing adult incontinence underwear and waterproofing their mattress
Nighttime activities for the elderly
Everyone’s sleep patterns are different. However, it’s safe to say that most of us enjoy an uninterrupted period of sleep on a typical night. It’s important that you do not model your expectations of the type of care your loved one requires overnight on your own sleep patterns.
As we noted, getting older means our sleep patterns change, sometimes dramatically, particularly if there are other medical conditions such as dementia and incontinence to contend with.
Monitor your loved one to observe how active they’re overnight. Waking once or twice is normal, but any more than this could mean your loved one needs a night carer, someone who can tend to their needs when they wake up.
Ways to monitor sleep
- Home cameras – One of the suggestions for monitoring a loved one’s sleep is to install a home camera – with their permission of course. This would allow you to see and hear exactly what happens overnight and understand your loved one’s sleeping pattern.
- Sleeping apps – There are different sleep monitoring apps that can be used to track sleep cycles. If your loved one is happy and capable of using one, they can be a good way to track their sleep cycle.
- Talking – It’s important to talk to your loved one about sleep and their sleeping patterns. Even those living with dementia may be able to communicate that they’re having sleeping troubles, so it’s always keep communication open.
- Smart-watch or fitness trackers – If your loved one is happy to wear a fitness or smart-watch, these can be ideal for monitoring sleeping patterns – also tracking things such as heart rate. With technology like this, you can begin to better understand their sleeping habits and what may be influencing them.
Make sure you have a clear understanding of your loved one’s nighttime needs so you can support them accordingly. You don’t want them missing out on the support they truly need. But, at the same time, you won’t want to pay for an overnight carer if it’s not something they require regularly.
Reduce the risk of injury
Darkness is an obvious hazard overnight, and this increases the risk of loved ones falling and injuring themselves. Consider placing motion sensor lights in the bedroom and passageway, so that your loved one can see where they’re going if they get up to go to the bathroom or get a drink of water. Make sure their path from their bed to the bathroom and kitchen is clutter-free, and there are no loose rugs that they could trip over.
Loved ones with conditions such as Alzheimer’s or another form of dementia may wake feeling disoriented and confused. Sometimes this gives way to restlessness, and they may feel the urge to go outside. Make sure the house is securely locked, with no easy, obvious, access to keys, as a nighttime deterrent to possible wandering.
Make sure you establish the root cause of their overnight wandering to see if there’s a simple way to mitigate the risk of it happening. For example, rather than the person having to make a trip to the kitchen for a glass of water, put a drink and an easy-to-eat snack beside their bed instead.
Incontinence – or lack of bladder control – is a common problem experienced by older people. While you can’t control this condition, you can provide your loved one with comfort and support, including adult incontinence underwear and waterproofing for the mattress to protect against damage.
You may consider padding their bed, which saves changing linen in the middle of the night to lessen disruption and discomfort.
Types of professional overnight care
Opting for a professional carer to remain with your loved one overnight is a practical solution for uncertainty and anxiety of nighttime issues, whether medical, physical or psychological.
Sleeping night care
In this arrangement, a caregiver will sleep in your loved one’s home. This can be helpful for people who are anxious if they’re left alone during the night, but don’t need a great deal of physical support.
The carer will be there for at least eight hours and will sleep in their own room but will be available to help your loved one if they need assistance during the night. Normally, a carer working a “sleeping night” would not expect to have to get up any more than twice. If your loved one needs more frequent attention than this, the shift would be classed as a “waking night”.
Waking night care
In this home-care option, the carer is actually on duty in your loved one’s home for a shift of around 10 hours, although different shift lengths may be arranged. They will not need a room or a bed, as they’ll not be sleeping.
If your loved one needs help several times during the night, this could be the best option for them. For example, they may require assistance in changing their position at regular intervals to prevent the development of pressure sores, or they might need medication administered at set times.
For older people needing dementia care, waking care might be necessary to ensure that they do not come to any harm during the night. People living with dementia are sometimes unable to interpret the signs that it’s night time and may get up and try to leave the house. In-home night care for them would need to be from a carer who was alert to this possibility.
An elderly person who is very anxious and needs reassurance from a carer may also need waking night care.
A sitting service
This might be needed if you or another family member provides elderly care for your loved one but need a break during the night. A carer would visit to stay with the older person for a fixed length of time, such as two or four hours, while the primary carer has a break.
How Elder can help with overnight care
There are three main options for overnight care from a care professional.
The first is where the carer sleeps at your loved one’s home and gets up a maximum of two times in a night. This option provides an extra layer of security and peace of mind for both you and your loved ones. This is included in the standard live-in care package.
The second is that overnight care is the primary function of the live-in carer – they’re not available during the day as a 24-hour carer would be.
The third night-care option is where two carers perform live-in care duties throughout the day. They would remain on site overnight and be on duty throughout. This option is ideal if your loved one is awake multiple times overnight either due to pain, disorientation or to take medication.
Cost of overnight care at home
When looking at overnight home care options, it’s vital to consider the costs involved. It’s important to note that the precise rates of care vary significantly according to the needs of your relative or loved one and exactly when they’ll need care.
Paying for a carer overnight can cost around £15-30 per hour, depending on the needs of the care recipient. Be sure to factor in exactly how much care your loved one will need and when.
If your loved one requires help with their bedtime routine or their morning routine, dressing and undressing, washing brushing teeth, taking medication and so forth, they may need 10-12 hours a night.
Paying for a home carer on an overnight basis could cost around £1000 per week, in addition to any day time visits that may be required. For this type of domiciliary overnight care, weekends and Bank Holidays are usually charged at a premium.
Realistically, you’re often going to be paying a lot more by directly employing carers. It’s not just about ensuring you’re paying the right salary to your home carer. By taking on the role of direct employment, you’re also liable to cover sick pay, holiday pay and parental cover.
If you opt to hire a home carer through Elder, you’re able to avoid this liability, but you still get the complete peace of mind that your loved one is receiving the dedicated, one-on-one care they deserve in their own home. Elder are one of the best live-in care providers – we work hard to match your loved one with a caregiver who shares their interests and hobbies.
Help with costs
There are a range of government funding options and benefits available, which can assist with care, including overnight care costs. Local authority funding is dependent on assets, and this varies from England and Northern Ireland to Wales and Scotland. This funding depends on the needs of the recipient, so your loved one would have a care needs assessment to determine eligibility and the amount.
If local authority funding is the most suitable option for you, you’re able to take this in the form of a direct payment. This gives you complete control over the money – meaning you’re able to choose the care option you think is best for them.
A Care Needs Assessment can also determine if your loved one is entitled to NHS Continuing Healthcare. This financing is for care and support taking place outside the hospital. If eligible, your loved one would receive the full costs of their care and a bespoke care and support package would be provided by a healthcare professional.
Unfortunately, despite growing pressure from a host of charities – including the Alzheimer’s Society – dementia care is not currently covered by NHS Continuing Healthcare.
There are benefits for both recipients and caregivers. The Personal Independence Plan (PIP), via the Department for Work and Health is not means tested – it’s based on a medical assessment and covers long term health conditions for those below the age of 65.
Attendance Allowance is specifically for those who need help with everyday tasks, getting around and medical care. As with PIP, it’s not means tested but has two components – day and night and day only – so the amount required depends on the exact care required.
If you look after someone for 35 hours a week or more, you may be entitled to a Carer’s Allowance – the amount depends on your financial situation and on meeting eligibility criteria.